Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) are proving to be market darlings: In the last 12 months platinum prices have soared by 30%, palladium prices have doubled, and rhodium has quadrupled. According to Tim Acker, if current prices hold, platinum can significantly boost the SA economy.
South African platinum producers are currently getting revenue of double what they were getting 12 months ago, an increase of R100bn. R100bn is roughly 2% of GDP. A 2% move in a product that is exported can be a huge positive in an economy that is predicted to only grow by 0.9% in 2020, as per data released by the World Bank.
Every bit helps when you are trying to resuscitate the economy
South Africa’s economy is struggling amid a ballooning public sector wage bill, distressed state-owned companies, and major fiscal leakages, partly because of electricity supply issues and policy uncertainty.
Continued supply is a concern amidst the uncertainty of load-shedding, especially given that South Africa produces more than half of the world’s PGMs supply, giving the country a significant competitive advantage.
However, the announcement by Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Gwede Mantashe during the 2020 Mining Indaba in Cape Town that mining producers are allowed to generate their own power to reduce their dependence on the state, especially in the face of load-shedding, is a positive call for PGMs.
One of the countries driving the demand for PGMs is China, which is wanting to play catch up with the Europeans when it comes to environmental regulations for vehicle emissions, for which PGMs are used.
Even though there is a scramble for PGMs amidst the increased prices, there are strong fundamentals in the sector. We are seeing more opportunity in the Platinum ETF, where you own the physical metal. While platinum has lagged palladium and rhodium, there is a good chance of a price conversion over the medium term as car makers switch palladium for platinum.
Allan Gray currently holds 3% of platinum producer Impala Platinum and 21% of Royal Bafokeng Platinum.